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Freemasonry

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Marker

A Square and Compass on the dedication marker at Denver International Airport

Freemasonry is a "fraternity within a fraternity", an outer organization supporting an inner Brotherhood of the elite class.[1] Because of their onion peels (or inner circles), conspiracy theorists have long associated Freemasonry with the New World Order and the Illuminati, and state that Freemasonry is an organisation either bent on world domination, or that it is already secretly in control of world politics.[2]

Nazi, GermanyEdit

Historically, Freemasonry has attracted criticism—and suppression—from both the politically far right (e.g., Nazi Germany)[3] and the far left (e.g. the former Communist states in Eastern Europe).[4] Hitler believed Freemasons had succumbed to the Jews conspiring against Germany.[5] Masonic concentration camp inmates were graded as political prisoners and wore an inverted red triangle.[6] It is estimated that between 80,000 and 200,000 Freemasons were killed under the Nazi regime.[7] Reichssicherheitshauptamt (the Reich Security Main Office) shows preserved documents of the persecution of Freemasons during the Holocaust.[8]

Roman Catholic ChurchEdit

Theocratic states and organised religions in competition with religious traditions and doctrine have asserted Freemasonry to be an occult and evil power.[9] The denomination with the longest history of objection to Freemasonry is the Roman Catholic Church.[10] Christian objectors often charge Freemasonry on allegations of mysticism, occultism, and even Satanism.[11]

IslamEdit

Muslims associate Freemasonry to al-Masih ad-Dajjal (the false Messiah).[12] Anti-Mason Muslims argue that Freemasonry promotes the interests of the Jews around the world and that one of its aims is to destroy the Al-Aqsa Mosque in order to rebuild the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem.[13] In article 28 of its Covenant, Hamas states that Freemasonry, and other similar groups "work in the interest of Zionism".[14]

Morgan affairEdit

Freemasonry in the United States faced political pressure following the 1826 kidnapping of William Morgan by Freemasons and subsequent disappearance. Reports of the "Morgan Affair", together with opposition to Jacksonian democracy (Andrew Jackson was a prominent Mason) helped fuel an Anti-Masonic movement, culminating in the formation of a short lived Anti-Masonic Party which fielded candidates for the Presidential elections of 1828 and 1832.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Web of Conspiracy: A Guide to Conspiracy Theory, by James F. Broderick, Darren W. Miller, p.165
  2. Wilkenson, James; H. Stuart Hughes (1995). Contemporary Europe: A History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-13-291840-4. OCLC 31009810.
  3. Zierer, Otto (1976). Concise History of Great Nations: History of Germany. New York: Leon Amiel Publisher. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-8148-0673-9. OCLC 3250405.
  4. Michael Johnstone, The Freemasons, Arcturus, 2005, pp 73–75
  5. McKeown, Trevor W. "Hitler and Freemasonry".
  6. Katz. "Jews and Freemasons in Europe". In Israel Gutman. The Encyclopedia of the Holocaust. p. vol. 2, p. 531. ISBN 978-0-02-897166-7. OCLC 20594356.
  7. Freemasons for Dummies, by Christopher Hodapp, Wiley Publishing Inc., Indianapolis, 2005, p. 85, sec. Hitler and the Nazi
  8. "World War II Documents showing the persecution of Freemasonry". Mill Valley Lodge #356. Retrieved 21 May 2006.
  9. Morris, S. Brent; The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry, Alpha books, 2006, p,204.
  10. Cardinal Law, Bernard (19 April 1985). "Letter of 19 April 1985 to U.S. Bishops Concerning Masonry". CatholicCulture.org. Retrieved 9 July 2007.
  11. Jack Chick. "The Curse of Baphomet". Retrieved 29 September 2007.
  12. Prescott, Andrew. The Study of Freemasonry as a New Academic Discipline. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
  13. "Can a Muslim be a Freemason" Wake up from your slumber, 2007, retrieved 8 January 2014
  14. "Hamas Covenant 1988". Avalon.law.yale.edu. 18 August 1988. Retrieved 15 January 2011
  15. "The Morgan Affair", Reprinted from The Short Talk Bulletin – Vol. XI, March 1933 No. 3, Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon, retrieved 4 January 2014

External linksEdit

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