Subterraneans refer to beings who live in Hollow Earth.


During 1943, Shaver wrote a letter to Amazing Stories magazine. He claimed to have discovered an ancient proto-human language he called "Mantong" (man-tongue), the source of all Earthly languages. In Mantong, each sound had a hidden meaning, and by applying this formula to any word in any language, one could decode a secret meaning to any word, name or phrase. Editor Raymond A. Palmer applied the Mantong formula to several words, and said he realized Shaver was onto something. The origins of Mantong was then revealed to be from a subterranean race of beings. Palmer was so intrigued by this material that large amounts of quasi-fictional matters surrounding Mantong were published in Amazing Stories in the 1940s. In Palmer’s later work, the Hidden Worlds series, he gave an increasing focus to the alleged mysterious ‘rock art’ supporting Shaver’s stories.

Secret WorldEdit

In Raymond A. Palmer's autobiography The Secret World, he inquired of Richard Sharpe Shaver about the origins of Mantong. Shaver responded with an approximately 10,000-word document entitled "A Warning to Future Man". Shaver wrote of an antediluvian period where extremely advanced extraterrestrials settled on Earth. At some point, the Sun threatened the Earth with devastating solar flares. Before the solar Killshot, many of these beings abandoned Earth. The ones left behind had either built cavern cities inside the Earth (Hollow Earth), or occupied what was already built from their time there. After the killshot, Earth's surface was damaged by solar radiation. The ones who were able to repopulate the surface, Shaver called Teros. Shaver then named the sub-dwellers Deros, short for "detrimental robots" or "de-evolved robots". Shaver's use of the word "robots" was not meant to be thought of as mechanical constructs.[1] Rather, he was probably trying to convey that the 'Deros' were "emotionless" beings,[2] and for whatever reason were succumbed to "drudgery", or even "servitude" in the underworld. A better descriptive word would probably have been "automaton", one who is living a monotonous lifestyle, lacking in emotion. If their environment was the cause for these conditions, the "Teros" wanted no part of it. However, the Earth's radiated surface conditions was not any better. It eventually altered the biology of the Teros so that over generations they became smaller, more human-like beings. Palmer ran the material around this story as "I remember Lemuria" in Amazing Stories.[3]

Rock BooksEdit

During the 1960s and 1970s, now living in obscurity, Richard Sharpe Shaver searched for physical evidence of bygone prehistoric humanoid races. He claimed to find it in certain rocks, which he believed were "rock books" that had been created by the great ancients and embedded with legible pictures and texts. For years he wrote about the rock books, photographed them, and made paintings of the images he found in them to demonstrate their historic importance. He even ran a "rock book" lending library through the mail, sending a slice of polished agate with a detailed description of what writings, drawings, and photographs he claimed were archived by Atlanteans inside the stone using special laser-like devices.

There have been exhibits of Shaver's art and photographs in the years since his death. Artist Brian Tucker created an exhibition about Shaver's life and work in 1989 at California Institute of the Arts, and presented Shaver's work again in later years at the Santa Monica Museum of Art and the Guggenheim Gallery of Chapman University in Orange County, California. In 2009, Tucker curated "Mantong and Protong", an exhibition at Pasadena City College which pairs Shaver's work with that of Stanislav Szukalski. Shaver's art has also been exhibited in galleries in New York City, and in a traveling exhibition of "outsider photography" called "Create and Be Recognized" that originated at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts in San Francisco in 2004. In that exhibition, which toured the USA, Shaver's "rock book" photography was grouped with works by famous "outsider artists", including Henry Darger and Adolf Wolfli.


  1. Compare Shaver's "robot" to Steven M. Greer's reports on the anatomy of the beings recovered from downed UFOs. Greer describes them as as having a brain built with computer chips, having no sex organs, neither digestive organs, nor vocal cords.
  2. Tim R. Swartz (2017), Swartz proposed that the Deros were more malevolent beings who were capitalized in ancient writings as "devils" and "demons".
  3. Darkness Radio (pub. Feb 27, 2017): Hollow Earth, interview with Tim R. Swartz on Mantong and Richard Shaver (34:18)


The Hidden World Volume 1: The Dero! The Tero! The Battle Between Good and Evil Underground - The True Story Of The Shaver & Inner Earth Mysteries, by Richard Shaver (Author), Raymond A Palmer (Author), Timothy Green Beckley (Introduction)

External linksEdit


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